(ii) for least developed countries, the expanded integrated framework for trade assistance to least developed countries should be part of this coordination process; and 13. In addition, the TFA does not have provisions for transferable electronic registrations that result in improvements in trade policy or logistics services. The TFA has no reference or provision for the development of e-commerce. 3. Members of the least developed countries should make commitments only to the extent that they meet their individual development, financial and trade needs or administrative and institutional capacities. JSI members establish, in accordance with the language proposed by the three coordinators, the operating conditions for the exchange of information between their various windows and other systems, and if no national window is available or is not integrated with customs or other competent government authorities, this article applies to customs management systems or other relevant public electronic systems used for trade processing. 4.2 Each member designs and applies risk management in such a way as to avoid arbitrary or unjustified discrimination or disguised restrictions on international trade. After several years of exploratory work, WTO members formally agreed in July 2004 on the opening of trade facilitation negotiations. Members agreed that the negotiations “aim to clarify and improve the relevant aspects of Articles V, VIII and X of the 1994 GATT, in order to further accelerate trade, release and customs clearance, including goods in transit.” The Trade Facilitation Negotiation Group reviewed and refined hundreds of proposals from WTO members. At the ninth WTO Ministerial Conference in Bali, Indonesia, in December 2013, WTO members adopted the TFA. [For an e-commerce agreement to enter into the WTO regulatory framework, it must be included in Schedule 4 of the WTO Treaty as a new multi-lateral agreement or, by amending one of the existing Schedule 1.4.4 agreements, risk management is based on a risk assessment based on appropriate selectivity criteria. These selectivity criteria may include, among other things, the harmonized system code, the nature and designation of goods, the country of origin, the country of origin, the value of the goods, the registration of distributor compliance and the type of means of transport. Global trade is increasingly digitized.

Buyers, sellers and intermediaries today rely on technologies that enable trade with a speed, scale and efficiency that were unthinkable even a few decades ago. Unfortunately, many customs administrations around the world are still in their infancy to implement such technologies and processes. Customs procedures continue to be based on paper documents, manual and inefficient processes and other relics from what were once unsuitable for digital trade in the 21st century. In addition, the JSI coordinators also proposed a language of interoperability between the different national windows, which encourages JSI members to develop interoperability solutions for their systems with a single data exchange window, including electronic trade management documents, with the different windows of other members, in order to speed up customs clearance and release and to implement cooperation agreements between customs and other border authorities.